May 28, 2024

Can I get pregnant with metformin 500 mg?

Pregnancy can be a nerve-wracking experience especially for the first time. It can be difficult to know what is good and what is not for pregnancy but with the internet and social media right now, more information regarding pregnancy can be easily accessible. However, one of the issues that may not be well known is the presence of diabetes during pregnancy. Glucophage 500 mg is among the common drugs used to treat diabetes but the question now is can you get pregnant with metformin 500 mg?

Before answering that, you may want to know a bit more on metformin itself first. Metformin belongs to the biguanide drug class. Metformin works by lowering the amount of sugar production produced by the liver.  It’s also improving insulin sensitivity, which means that it will help the cells in your body to respond to insulin and improve absorption of sugar into your intestinal tract. Insulin is the hormone responsible for keeping your blood sugar level in check. Insulin exists in the human body and helps the cells to bind with sugar from food.  This allows the cell metabolism to function in a proper way. Insulin resistance is an issue in the majority case of diabetes.  Therefore, in order to help increase the resistance and contribute to a good control of blood sugar levels, insulin should be administered.

Generally speaking, metformin is prescribed for patients with diabetes and is overweight or obese. Metformin is able to control blood sugar while aid in weight loss. This medicine sometimes may be combined with other kinds of anti-diabetic drugs especially in patients that fail to control their blood sugar level with only one medication.

For pregnancy, metformin is used to treat mothers who develop gestational diabetes (GDM). GDM is diabetes that only develops in pregnancy. As a matter of fact, 1% of all pregnancies are in women with pre-existing type 2 diabetes. Thus, usage of metformin such as in Glucophage helps to control the high blood sugar level in pregnant women. Plus, metformin has been proved to be preferred over insulin as it reduces maternal weight gain when blood sugar levels are not met with dietary measures. This is especially the case for women who are obese.

Lower risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia is achievable with usage of metformin in pregnancy. When metformin is used together with insulin for pregestational diabetes (pre-existed diabetes before pregnancy occur), it significantly lessened the amount of insulin required and lowered the risk of severe hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar).

Hence, the answer to your question earlier is, yes you can get pregnant with metformin 500 mg. There is no reason for metformin to pose danger to pregnant women. It does not even increase congenital abnormalities and in general is well tolerated. The occurrence for serious side effects is rare There are also no reasons for a woman to stop taking metformin if they are planning for pregnancies as studies show no evidence of difficulties to get pregnant and no increased chances for miscarriage. Furthermore, metformin has been used to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a disease characterised by hormone problems causing women to have reproduction problems such as infertility and irregular menstrual periods. Thus, this proves that metformin does not cause reproductive health problems.

Due to the fact that pregnancy itself may cause the mother to be wary of their current medications, it is best for them to talk with their doctor should there be changes to the current medications or even possibly to stop taking it. It is imperative for patients to make sure before they do any changes to their medications, they have had discussion with their doctor. Having thorough discussion does not only help to give a clear picture of the recommended medication plan but also help to reduce the issues or complications during pregnancy.

In essence, metformin helps to lower the high blood sugar level. Doctors may prescribe metformin to people with gestational diabetes as soon as they receive the diagnosis. A person may start on an initial dose of 500 milligrams for once or twice a day. The dose may be adjusted depending on the gestational diabetes status. Either metformin or insulin, these medications should only be used as directed by doctors which means patients follow the right dose and the number of times of taking it. Since taking metformin may increase chances of hypoglycaemia, patients need to let their doctor know other medications they are taking so that adverse drug reactions can be avoided or be provided with alternative medications. Patients should always ask their doctor if they are unsure of medication they received or how to take it the right way.

Diabetes problems are beyond that merely the high blood sugar level. While in many cases it does not have obvious symptoms, people with diabetes are at risk for many complications such as eye diseases, kidney failure and nerve damage. Untreated diabetes can cause life-threatening events such as heart attack, stroke and diabetic ketoacidosis. It is estimated that 65 % of people with diabetes face death after heart disease or stroke.

Also read – Dengue Prevention.

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